Archive for category Pollution
In December 2012 the Mayan Calendar comes to an end. After 12.000 years there is no next day. The end of the world as many say. Since many years, scientists are searching for the right place to be at on the last month of this year. The safest place on earth. Some say it is Africa, others say it is in Asia. We are doomed. December 2011 was the last new years eve. The last Christmas. There is no 2013. Is this really the case? Or do we have certain doom thinkers in our midst. People who feel the need to give us fear.
Who are these people to tell about the complete destruction of our planet? What moves these men to convince us from the bad times we are going to meet. Based on what knowledge? Does it mean that all the uprisings and revolutions in the Arab world are of no use? Or the Slavic Spring, which is happening today as well. Russia, Hungary, Slovenia and Romania. All people united to take back what was stolen from us. Freedom and Dignity. Is it a waste of time or the beginning of a new era?
With the millennium we entered the Aquarius Era. After more than 2100 years we arrived in a time of consciousness. Combined with the end of a 12.000 year old era we are definitely going to see total change. A time to stand up and to realise we let our leaders controlling us way too long. We followed like dependent sheep. Like slaves. The last convulsions of these policy makers are sending fear among us. Climate disasters and Global terrorist attacks. Governments are using their last efforts to get us back in line.
The uprising in the Middle East, Africa and Asia. The occupy movements all over America and Europe. Never in history it was on such a large-scale as it is today. Never ever so many nations are united to show their leaders that we don’t take it anymore. The time has come. To give back the world to its people.
A turning point: Welcome to a new world. Welcome to our world.
In 1985, Royal Dutch Shell sold its refinery in the port of Curaçao to the former government of the island. For the symbolic amount of one guilder. The refinery was outdated and no longer met the current environmental standards. The legacy for Curaçao is a very outdated facility and a huge asphalt lake. The Dutch government, then a co-owner of Shell, puts pressure on the government of Curaçao to either dismantle the refinery or a clear plan for the future.
Curacao’s history dates back to about 3000 BC. Rock paintings and artifacts show that the island was already inhabited. The Spaniard Alonso de Ojeda was the first Western discoverer who set foot on Curaçao in 1499. The original inhabitants, the Caquetio, were expelled and the island transformed into a major agricultural and livestock project. Large numbers of sheep, cows, horses and pigs shipped from Spain and its colonies to the Caribbean island.
In 1634 the Spaniard surrendered after being defeated by the Dutch. The West India Company saw a perfect base for the supply of slaves from Africa. Several attempts by the Spaniards to retake the island ended to nothing. In 1791 the island was officially a Dutch colony. Since 2010 Curaçao is an autonomous state within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Since the eighties a few corrupt politicians agreed to acquire the refinery, Since then the island is doomed to his downfall. With the approval of the Netherlands, Shell could dump its garbage for just one guilder. This saved the company probably millions of dollars in remediation costs. These costs now fully reside with the island government. The Netherlands puts pressure on Curaçao to come up with concrete plans for the near future without a financial aid fund to support the island. Every day of delay affects the entire ecological and economic system of Curaçao.
Hybrid vehicles have failed to meet the environmental standards according to several investigations. Many studies prove that we are not going in the right direction. See Polluting hybrid and electric vehicles. After a brief investigation it occurs that new electric cars are not as clean as claimed.
The electric motor, with the LIB-batteries (lithium-ion), is a response to the demands of governments to reduce CO2 emissions. Of 140 grams of CO2 per kilometer in 2011 and 120 grams of CO2 in 2012. According to the manufacturers the electric car meet the standard. They also claim to meet the standard of 2025, 70 grams of CO2. The consumer is told a 0.0 g of CO2 emission.
Citroen C-Zero and Mitsubishi i-MiEV is the latest development from manufacturers with a clear message to consumers; the CO2 emissions of these vehicles is 0.0 grams of CO2. In other words, the owner of this car supports the environment, driving without CO2 emission . Please drive often in the untaxed car because you get the feeling to drive as clean as riding a bicycle.
However, to generate energy for the electric car to roll with power from the socket isn’t that clean . Where conventional vehicles with combustion engines go to the gas station, it is the electric car filling at home. Connect the plug into the socket and a couple of hours later you can drive again. This eventually must be reduced to 20 minutes.
The European Union will build new charcoal plants to meet the increased demand of the consumers. The development of the EU and less dependent on “foreign power”. The future on the road with only electric cars will generate a greater need for electricity power.
Charcoal plant ==> 40% ==> Transport ==> 35% ==> Consumer
Based on the above images it is clear, the efficiency of current charcoal combustion is “only” 40 percent. As many as 65 percent is lost again during the transport of electricity through power lines before it reaches the consumer.
A simple calculation prove only 16 percent “power socket” remains since it was generated at the charcoal plant . These figures are supported by World Nuclear Association. To determine the CO2 emissions of generating electricity and transport, we calculate in Kilo Watt hours (kWh). A charcoal plant can emit up to 350 g CO2 per kWh electricity generated emissions, the report said. The result is 2187.5 grams of CO2 per kWh for the consumer.
The power consumption of the Citroen C – Zero and the Mitsubishi i-MiEV is 13, 5 kWh per hundred kilometers. This is the consumption of most new electric cars in this class. Per kilometer driven the electric car consumes 295.31 grams of CO2. The legal standard for 2012 was set at 120 grams of CO2 ….