Not different from Algeria,Egypt and Tunisia, an emergency law was in place to undermine the constitution.Syria maintained this law from 1962 till 2011 when the current president Bashar Al Assad, lifted the law under pressure of new protests.
Al Assad preceded his father Hafez Al Assad in 2000. His father was president since 1971.The Assads belong to the minority group of Allawites and most of the important government jobs were given to the members of fore mentioned group.
The darkest pages of modern Syria are the attack on the city of Hama in 1982. The Muslim Brotherhood, in that time a very powerful group rejected the values of the Baath party. The party of the Assads.The president sent paramilitary forces into the city to kill 10.000 till 20.00 civilians including women, children, and elderly.The single deadliest attack in modern Arab world.
On March 15 the first real protests started in the city of Dara’a after children were captured by the security forces. They were accused of using anti – propaganda against the government. But since January 26th several demonstrations reported across the country. The children, young boys and girls at the age of 10 till 16 years old taken into custody and brutally tortured and raped. Last week the body of a 13-year-old boy was given back to his family. Not so much to please the parents but as a brutal warning for other people, if they ever consider to stand up against the government. The boy was so heavily tortured, it was hard to identify th body. From shot wounds,cut off fingers and genitals,burn marks,and hundreds of bruises from beating and kicking.
Until the end of May, already 800 people are killed. Reported by organisations like Amnesty International and the Red Cross.The official number is probably much higher. This is one of the most brutal attacks on peaceful protestors across the nation of all Middle East and African uprisings.Since May 15 the protests have spread all over the country and the protests get more violent now since many defected soldiers could not accept the killing of innocent people. One soldier showed his ID card on TV with the words: ” To serve and protect the people of Syria.” He, as well as many other could not bear the situation anymore and took side of the peaceful protestors.
The advisors from Bashar Al Assad were the same as standing at the site of his father. The so-called Hawks of the government. Even if the current president demands a stop on all violence, he will not succeed and might even be deposed by the powerful men of the country.
Since June 10 security forces loyal to the president moved in the north-western city of Jisr al-Shoughour. After days of unrest that sent more than 1,000 civilians fleeing north to Turkey, according to the state TV. Al Assad blocked all press agencies in the country and all foreign journalists ordered to leave or being imprisoned. Only unconfirmed news from the protestors themselves by video pictures are the most reliable sources at this moment. Any serious acts from other nations to condemn the violent crackdown are completely ignored by the Syrian government.
Will Syria be the next country in which the UN and the Arab League will agree on interference by military forces? To stop the excessive violence by Al Assad?